LS1010: A manufacturer is exploring a proposed production of premium quality widgets. The required machine would cost Rs 2 lakhs and has a useful life of 5 years. For the purpose of tax, relevant depreciation allowed on the machine is 20 percent on written down value basis. The salvage value is realizable at the end of 5 years. Initial working capital required is Rs 100,000 and is expected to remain constant year on year

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Question: A manufacturer is exploring a proposed production of premium quality widgets. The required machine would cost Rs 2 lakhs and has a useful life of 5 years. For the purpose of tax, relevant depreciation allowed on the machine is 20 percent on written down value basis. The salvage value is realizable at the end of 5 years. Initial working capital required is Rs 100,000 and is expected to remain constant year on year.

Widgets can be sold at Rs 8 each.
Around 75,000 widgets can be sold per year. A cash fixed cost of Rs 50,000 is expected to be incurred every year. Variable cost is estimated to be Rs 4 per widget. The tax rate is 30%. Assume 20% cost of capital.

a. Evaluate the proposal based on its NPV.

b. Would the investment decision be the same based on IRR approach? Explain.


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