International Banking and Foreign Exchange Management
IBFEM Solved Assignments for NMIMS June 2020
Q1. Mumbai Ltd. is an Indian company, they are in process of raising a US dollar loan and are negotiating rates with City Bank. The Company has been offered a fixed rate of 7% p.a with a proviso that should they opt for a floating rate, the interest rate is likely to be linked to the bench mark rate of 60 basis points over the 10 year US T Bill Rate, with interest refixation on a three monthly basis. The expectations of Mumbai Ltd. are that the dollar interest rates will fall, and are inclined to have a flexible mechanisms built into their interest rates. On enquiry they find that they could go for swap arrangement with Chennai India Ltd. who have been offered a floating rate of 120 basis points over 10 year US T Bill Rate, as against a fixed rate of 8.20%.
Describe the swap on the assumption that the swap differential is shared between Mumbai Ltd. and Chennai India Ltd. in the proportion of 2: 1.
Q2. XYZ Ltd. Is planning to import a multi-purpose machine from Japan at a cost of 3400 lakhs yen. The company can avail loan at 18% interest per annum compounded quarterly with which it can import the machine. However, there is an offer from Tokyo branch of an India based bank extending credit of 180 days at 2% per annum against opening of an irrevocable letter of credit. Other information: –
Present exchange rate Rs. 100 = 340 yen
180 days forward rate Rs. 100 = 345 yen
Commission charges for letter of credit at 2% per 12 months.
Advise whether the offer from the foreign branch should be accepted?
Q3. Nitrogen Ltd, a UK company is in the process of negotiating an order amounting to €4 million with a large German retailer on 6 months credit. If successful, this will be the first time that Nitrogen Ltd has exported goods into the highly competitive German market. The following three alternatives are being considered for managing the transaction risk before the order is finalized.
i. Invoice the German firm in Sterling using the current exchange rate to calculate the invoice amount.
ii. Alternative of invoicing the German firm in € and using a forward foreign exchange contract to hedge the transaction risk.
iii. Invoice the German first in € and use sufficient 6 months sterling future contracts (to the nearly whole number) to hedge the transaction risk.
Following data is available:
Spot Rate € 1.1750 – €1.1770/£
6 months forward premium 0.55-0.60 Euro Cents
6 months future contract is currently trading at €1.1760/£
6 months future contract size is £62500
Spot rate and 6 months future rate €1.1785/£
a. Calculate to the nearest £ the receipt for Nitrogen Ltd, under each of the three proposals. (5 Marks)
b. In your opinion, which alternative would you consider to be the most appropriate and the reason thereof. (5 Marks)
NMIMS APRIL 2020
Q1. An export company in India had already issued equity in India and was currently listed in both BSE as well as NSE. The company was planning to expand and have its presence in foreign countries as well. The firm wanted to borrow funds from international market. Suggest any five sources of funding from the international market.
Q2. An exporter wants to hedge his one year receivables in USD for $30 million, for which he wants to enter into a futures contract. The spot exchange rate is USD-INR72. The futures price for a contract having the same maturity date is ?74. Is perfect hedging possible with the futures contract in this case? Calculate loss or profit in the cash and futures market if the spot price is ? 75 on the maturity date. Assume lot size as 1000 units.
Q3. A fresh Graduate had joined the International Banking Division of the Bank. On the first day, he was asked by his manager to revise and understand the concepts of International Banking. He was little confused between direct and indirect quote so he decided to approach his manager for the same. If you are his manager explain:
a. Concept of Direct Quote with an example
b. Concept of Indirect Quote with an example