Fundamentals of Oil Gas Business-1


SKU: AMSEQ-101 Category:

Assignment – A


Write short notes on any five of the following:

  1. Crude Oil and Natural Gas
  2. History of Oil & Gas Industry
  3. Types of drilling
  4. Production configuration for Gas-Field
  5. Product specifications for products to be refined in a refinery.
  6. What is the crude oil? What are the various products made from crude oil?
  7. Draw a block diagram showing the flow of gas and its components from a gas field offshore to further processing and generation of ethylene based petrochemicals.
  8. What is natural gas? Describe the physical and chemical properties of natural gas.


Assignment – B




Read the below cases “Pipeline Management Solutions” and answer the following questions:


Pipeline Management Solutions


  1. European Network Model – Gas Flow Modelling

Year: 2006

Customer: Confidential: European Energy Company

Benefits: European Gas transmission network model across 5 countries



To understand how gas moves across Europe and what identify what physical bottlenecks could affect the potential flows of gas under different supply/demand/storage scenarios


Methodology & Results:

The SynerGEE network modelling tool was successfully used to develop an integrated model of 5 European countries gas networks using proprietary and public domain data.



Several scenarios were investigated by the client with the intention of using the network model in conjunction with in-house economic modelling tools to support strategic decision making. The model allowed the user to assess whether capacity existed for transit of gas across Europe and whether there were any physical barriers to gas transportation. This information when added to commercial pricing information allowed the client to develop a deeper insight into third party transportation, storage and shipper statements.


  1. Hydraulic Study of the Master Gas System Expansion

Date: 2007

Customer: Saudi Aramco

Savings: Increase Capacity of the Master Gas Pipeline System



GL conducted a hydraulic analysis study on the expanded Master Gas pipeline System (MGS). The expanded MGS should deliver the increased contracted flow rates of sales gas to Saudi Aramco customers in Business Plan 2007- 2013. In addition, the MGS must sustain delivery pressures and flow rates for 8 hours of survival time, after the shutdown of Hawiyah Gas Plant (HGP).


Methodology & Results:

Stoner Pipeline Simulator (SPS) was used to perform the hydraulic and transient analysis. The study identified bottle necks, added mainline pipes, upgraded control valves, and sized metering and filtration equipments to increase the capacity of the pipeline system. Transient analysis was conducted for survival time calculations. Temperature sensitivity cases were conducted for 70 ºF (winter), 90 ºF, and 100 ºF.



The hydraulic analysis identified the optimum pipelines sizes, and added pipeline loops to avoid bottlenecks. The study provided the optimum control equipment size, and provided basis for filtration and metering stations design.



  1. What is the issue of European Network Model – Gas Flow Modelling?
  2. What is the methodology used to resolve the issue of European Network Model – Gas Flow Modelling?
  3. What is the issue of hydraulic study of the Master Gas System Expansion?
  4. What is the methodology used to resolve the issue of Hydraulic Study of the Master Gas System Expansion?
  5. What are the benefits of SynerGEE network modelling tool?



Assignment – C


  1. The history of oil traces back to seepages of oil as early as ——- B.C.
  2. 3000
  3. 2000
  4. 1500
  5. 4000
  6. Oil business has been responsible for prosperity, war, intrigues and adventure.
  7. Prosperity
  8. war
  9. Intrigues
  10. All the above
  11. More than ——- percent of the energy needed in the world is provided by oil and gas.
  12. 80
  13. 60
  14. 65
  15. 72
  16. It is important to understand the trend and future of the industry in terms of ——-.
  17. Technology
  18. Economics
  19. Pricing
  20. All of these
  21. Petroleum is a word derived from the ——- words Petra and Oleum.
  22. French
  23. Latin
  24. German
  25. American
  26. The most accepted theory for the occurance of hydrocarbons is
  27. Petroleum theory
  28. Inorganic theory
  29. Organic theory
  30. Fundamental theory
  31. Which among the following are the combinations of carbon and hydrogen atoms?
  32. Methane
  33. Wax
  34. Ethane
  35. All the above
  36. The solid and semi-solid forms of petroleum are called
  37. Asphalt and Tar
  38. Tar and Asphalt
  39. Tar and coal
  40. None of the above
  41. The surface on earth below the reservoir is called
  42. Oilfield
  43. gas field
  44. Condensate field
  45. None of the above
  46. To produce ——- from the reservoir, wells are drilled through the surface of the earth.
  47. Oil
  48. Gas
  49. Liquid
  50. Petrol
  51. The fluid that comes out of the well in an oilfield or gas field is called
  52. Well fluid
  53. Reservoir
  54. Petrol
  55. Any of the above
  56. Which among the following is recovered from underground reservoirs, normally

1000 – 5000 meters down the earth.

  1. Petrol
  2. Crude Oil
  3. Well fluid
  4. Carbon dioxide
  5. One million tons per year of crude is equal to
  6. Fifteen thousand barrels per standard day of crude
  7. Ten thousand barrels per standard day of crude
  8. Twenty thousand barrels per standard day of crude
  9. Twenty five thousand barrels per standard day of crude
  10. Crude oil is popularly known as:
  11. Well fluid
  12. Oilfield
  13. Petroleum
  14. Petro Chemical

15 The hydrocarbons in Natural gas can be ——-

  1. Methane
  2. Ethane
  3. Propane
  4. All of the above
  5. LNG is known as.
  6. Liquid Nitrogen gas
  7. Liquified Nitrogen gas
  8. Liquid Neon gas
  9. Liquified Neon gas
  10. The phase of the hydrocarbon depends on the ——- joined together in a chain
  11. Number of carbon and hydrogen atoms
  12. Number of hydrogen atoms
  13. Number of carbon atoms
  14. The statement is irrelevant as there are no phases of hydrocarbons
  15. The more number of carbon atoms a hydrocarbon molecule has
  16. The heavier it is

b . The lighter it is

  1. The more number of hydrogen atoms a hydrocarbon molecule has the heavier it is
  2. None of the above
  3. Naphthenes consist of carbon rings, with/without side chains
  4. True
  5. False
  6. Olefins are triple bonded hydrocarbon chains
  7. True
  8. False
  9. Various crude oils are often referred by their ——- Gravity.:
  10. American Petroleum Institute
  11. Petroleum Institute of America
  12. Institure of American Petroleum
  13. None of the above
  14. Crude oils for which the residue after distillation contains paraffin wax is called
  15. Paraffinic
  16. Asphaltic Base
  17. Bitumen
  18. Crude oil
  19. A——- crude is good for diseal production
  20. Heavy
  21. Medium
  22. Naphthenic
  23. Light
  24. Crude oil has a boiling range of around ——- degree centigrade
  25. 200 to 600
  26. 400 to 600
  27. 40 to 600
  28. 40 to 60
  29. The natural gas is made mainly of the ——- lightest hydrocarbons
  30. Three
  31. Four
  32. Four
  33. Five
  34. Egyptian mummies were known to be wrapped in ——- soaked clothing. :
  35. Ethylene
  36. Asphalt
  37. Chlorine
  38. Methyle
  39. Application of asphalt was also made for the construction of
  40. Oil refinerys
  41. Wells.
  42. Pyramids.
  43. All of the above
  44. In India, the oilfield in Digboi was discovered during the later part of ——- century
  45. Eighteenth
  46. Nineteenth
  47. twenth
  48. Twenty first
  49. Vinyl chloride is made by reaction of ethane with ——-
  50. Ethylene
  51. Methyle
  52. Ethane
  53. Chlorine
  54. Plastic end products like Polythene and PVC are made by polymerization of ——- and vinyl chloride.
  55. Ethylene
  56. Methyle
  57. Ethane
  58. Chlorine


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