AID18692: The northern Spanish city of Santander

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AID18692: The northern Spanish city of Santander has become the testing ground for “smart cities” around the world. SmartSantander is a smart city experiment aimed at improving the quality of life, reducing energy consumption and engaging its citizens in civic duties. The city implemented wireless sensor networks and embedded 10,000 sensors on its streets and municipal vehicles to monitor garbage collections, crime air quality and manage street lighting for better energy efficiency. The Santander Smart City platform allows to integrate all the information of the different municipal services and thousands of sensors deployed by the city. The latter devices collect multiple data: from air quality, noise or temperature to which parking lots are free or occupied on different streets or when it is necessary to water a particular park or garden. For example, buses have sensors at the top that allow to know the level of pollution in different areas of the city. They have also been installed on street lamps and walls inside small white boxes in order to measure noise, temperature or brightness. Multiple devices installed on the ground monitor how many cars are parked in certain streets while different information panels indicate the free places in a given area to park the car. Even paper containers and containers have volumetric measurement sensors that indicate how full they are. This information is especially valuable when planning collection routes, which may vary according to needs. As garbage trucks are also intelligent, it is possible to monitor their travel and activity. With the help of an example of a smart city in India, explain the different initiatives carried out by it under the smart city project. Highlight the benefits of a smart city?